Pierre-Auguste Renoir, the most subtle impressionism

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was a French painter and one of the greatest figures of Impressionism, although with time it would end up moving away from said movement to undertake its own. If you want to know more about the artist's life, as well as where to see his most outstanding works, do not hesitate to continue reading.

Rowers lunch - Wikimedia Commons

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was born in Limoges in 1841, although in 1944 he moved with his family to Paris. It would be there where, years later, he would learn the art of porcelain painting in the Lèvy brothers' workshop. By then, his talent was already more than remarkable.

In 1862 Renoir entered the School of Fine Arts and began to frequent the workshop of Charles Gleyre. There he forged his friendship with several impressionist artists such as Claude Monet, Frédéric Bazille and Alfred Sisley. However, in 1863 everyone was forced to leave the place due to its closure.

Renoir painter

Garden of rue Cortot - Wikimedia Commons

In 1864, the Living room He exhibited for the first time a work of Renoir: The Emerald, which the artist ended up destroying. After the Franco-Prussian war and after spending a season with Monet in Argenteuil, the painter once again exhibited, although this time in the First Impressionist Exhibition of 1874, to which many others would succeed him.

By then Renoir decided to move to Montmartre, where he lived until 1884 and where he found inspiration for the creation of numerous paintings, such as The garden of Cortot street in Montmartre or Dance at the Moulin de la Galette. Looking for new fields that influenced him artistically, he dedicated himself to traveling in France and other European cities.

With the entry of the twentieth century, Renoir could boast of being a famous and recognized artist. However, his health was slowly resenting, so he was forced to move to Cagnes-Sur-Mer, whose house has now become a museum. Finally, the artist died from pneumonia in 1919.

Wheat Field - Wikimedia Commons

The only works of the painter that can be admired in Spain are in the National Museum Thyssen-Bornemisza. One of them is Wheat field, which represents a wheat field in the surroundings of Wargemont (Normandy) and is painted with very dilute colors and brushstrokes that seek to catch the nuances of light.

The other is Woman with umbrella in a garden, a work for which the French painter was inspired by the garden of his studio in Montmartre and for which he adopted a fully impressionistic language. Also, the oil shows a woman protecting herself from the sun and beside her, a crouched man picking up, perhaps, a flower. 

Other outstanding works of Renoir and where to locate them

Dance at the Moulin de la Galette - Wikimedia Commons

Much of Renoir's work is preserved in the Orsay Museum, in Paris, asDance at the Moulin de la Galette. This oil painting is one of the most famous of the French painter and shows a group of people who enjoy dancing or chatting in the most famous place in Montmartre.

Just as recommended is The swing, a painting created in parallel with the previous one in which four people appear in a park. Both not only share the fact of having been created during the summer of 1876, but also the atmosphere of nonchalance they convey.

More works at the Orsay Museum

Girls at the piano - Wikimedia Commons

Other of Renoir's outstanding works at the Orsay Museum are Girls at the piano, Big nude (Nude on the cushions), Gabrielle with a rose, The bathers, Torso, sun effect Y Half-naked woman lying down: the rose.

"Impressionism eliminated my dry areas and led me to the conclusion that I could not paint or draw."

-Pierre-Auguste Renoir-

Other works of Renoir in France

Jeanne Smaary - Wikimedia Commons

In France they are also exposed Paper reading (Reims Museum of Fine Arts), in which two people listen carefully to a third who reads a manuscript. We also foundJeanne Samary (Comédie-Française, Paris), a portrait of the actress who gives her name to the painting and who repeatedly served as a model for Renoir.

Renoir outside France

The great bathers - Wikimedia Commons

Leaving the Gallic country we find The Sisley Marriage (Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Essen), La Grenouillère (National Museum of Stockholm), The box, (Courtland Institute Gallery, London), Jeanne Samary standing (Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg), The great bathers (Philadelphia Museum of Art), etc.

Video: Paint Onions by Renoir Step by Step in Oil Colors: How to Paint like the Impressionists (January 2020).