Paul Cézanne, the "father" of modern painting

Paul Cezanne He is considered one of the leading artists of post-impressionism, as well as the precursor of cubist painting. Next, we discover everything you have to know about his life and artistic career, as well as the places where you can admire some of his most outstanding works.

Brief biography of Paul Cezanne

Paul Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence in 1839. He began training at a drawing school and subsequently enrolled in law school. However, he soon learned that his true passion was painting. He first set up a studio in his family's country house and then moved to Paris.

Self Portrait - Wikimedia Commons

Already in the French capital, He enrolled in the Swiss Academy, where he worked with natural models and in which it was formed to be able to enter the École des Beaux-Arts. When they rejected his candidacy, he returned to Aix-en-Provenze to return shortly to Paris and finally devote himself to painting.

In 1878 he settled almost permanently in Provence, where little by little he reached the expressive maturity of his artistic creation. Even so, in 1886, the Autumn Salon rejected his work for the first time, which would be repeated repeatedly until 1904, when he dedicated an exclusive room.

In 1906, Cézanne died from pneumonia. And although critics and the public of the time ignored it - they were only appreciated by some expressionists -, Time gave it the importance it deserves. In fact, in addition to serving as a bridge between impressionism and cubism, he inspired great art geniuses like Picasso.

Regarding your style, Paul Cézanne tried to achieve an ideal synthesis between personal expression, naturalism and pictorial order. He also tried to represent the world in the best way that painting allowed: with simple shapes and color planes, thus having great importance geometry.

"It's not about painting life, it's about making paint alive."

-Paul Cézzane-

Bottle, carafe, jug and lemons - Wikimedia Commons

The Thyssen Museum houses two works by the French painter, one of them being Bottle, carafe, jug and lemons, one of the various still lifes that he painted throughout his artistic career. And it is that through this type of representation could investigate the constitutive structures of reality.

The other is Seated Man, work that belongs to a set of outdoor portraits that Cézanne did in the last period of his life. This one in particular shows Vallier, who was his gardener, in front of the railing of his workshop. Likewise, the shape and color are inseparable in this painting.

Orsay's Museum

Card players - Wikimedia Commons

How could it be otherwise, many of Paul Cézanne's works are found in his country of origin, France. In the Museum of Orsay, in Paris, the painting is exhibited The card players. This constitutes the fifth version of a series that the painter began in 1890, during his time of maturity.

Other outstanding works of Cézanne in this museum are Still life with apples and oranges, the most important of the painter of all those who also represent a still life; or The Hangman's House, which creates a strong feeling of loneliness and whose composition is complex.

In case the works mentioned were not enough, the Orsay Museum exposes other dozens of paintings by the artist: The mountain of Sainte-Victoire, Woman with coffee makerStill Life with Onions, The temptation of San AntonioSelf Portrait on Pink Background, Maincy's Bridge, Still life of the tureen, etc.

National Gallery

The great bathers - Wikimedia Commons

From Paris we move to London, as the National Gallery can also boast of exhibiting various oil paintings by Cézanne. Here you can see The great bathers, in which the bodies and the landscape touch the abstract. It also has among its funds with The artist's father, The Avenue at the Jas de Bouffan, Avenue at Chantilly

Works by Paul Cézanne in other spaces

View of Auvers - Wikimedia Commons

Other works by the French artist spread throughout the world are The black castle (MoMA, New York), Mrs. Cézanne in the red armchair (Boston Museum of Fine Arts), Rocks in L'Estaque (Museum of Art of Sao Paulo), Tuesday of Carnival (Pushkin Museum, Moscow) orAuvers View (Art Institute of Chicago).