The monumental city of Baeza is one of the jewels of the province of Jaén. For now, we are going to mention some of the awards it has so you can get an idea of its spectacularity. It is National Historic-Artistic Ensemble. It is the Exemplary City of the Renaissance for the European Union. And it is a World Heritage Site by Unesco. Don't you feel like meeting her?
What to see in the monumental city of Baeza
Of course, we want to let you know that here we will only make a selection with the best of the best that you can see in the monumental city of Baeza.
And it is that this town, of a relatively small size, treasures an enviable amount of historical and artistic heritage, which many large cities do not approach in quantity or quality.
Baeza CathedralBaeza Cathedral
Although the Baezana cathedral has its origins in the Middle Ages, before that on this same site there was a Roman temple and then a Muslim mosque. But the truth is that we are talking about one of the most beautiful and complete Renaissance buildings in all of Spain.
And if the construction is unique, what you keep inside does not lag behind. There are altarpieces, images, rejerías, reliefs, paintings and countless works of art that deserve a long visit, much better guided to discover all its secrets.
Old University of BaezaCloister of the Old University - Paula Asencio / Flickr.com
The monumental city of Baeza had its cathedral, and also its university, founded in the 16th century. Today he no longer has that educational rank, and The building has been transformed into the secondary school.
An educational center that It is named after the most illustrious professor of the old university: Antonio Machado. Undoubtedly, an excellent name for this beautiful building of the late Renaissance and early Mannerist art.
Seminary of San Felipe Neri
There is still another outstanding educational building in the monumental city of Baeza. It is the Seminary of San Felipe Neri. It is located in front of the cathedral. While it is true that today is very transformed with respect to its origins in the seventeenth century, it is worth discovering.
Town Halls HighTown Halls High - Zaraeman / Wikimedia Commons
Also next to the cathedral, in fact they are terraced, there are the High Town Halls. It was originally a private house, but between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries it became a town hall.
At that time the shields that adorn its facade refer. They are the royal blazons of Juana la Loca and Felipe el Hermoso, as well as the imperial shield of his son Carlos I.
But the monumental city of Baeza still has another later town hall. It was built in Plateresque style and also has the royal shield of the time, in this case of Felipe II.
This building houses in its interior rooms as beautiful as its Plenary Hall. But it has also served as a prison and as a house of justice.
Jabalquinto PalaceJabalquinto Palace - Zarateman / Wikimedia Commons
Let's continue with more examples of civil architecture from the monumental city of Baeza. Another very prominent is the Jabalquinto Palace, in which They highlight its 15th-century Elizabethan facade, its Renaissance courtyard and its Baroque staircase. A magnificent example of the evolution of art.
But in the streets of Baezan there are many other examples of large houses worth mentioning: Casa Acuña, de los Perea, de los Mendoza, Casa Cabrera ...
Church of the Holy CrossChurch of the Holy Cross - Alberto / Flickr.com
Precisely in front of the Jabalquinto Palace is one of the oldest buildings in Baeza: the church of the Holy Cross, in Romanesque style. It takes us to the time of the reconquest of the city by Ferdinand III the Saint at the end of the 13th century.
But it is not necessary to think that all the churches are as old as it is in the monumental city of Baeza. Practically, there are temples of all ages, like the church of El Salvador or that of the convent of Jesús de los Descalzos, not to mention those of San Pedro or Santa María del Alcázar.
Much more to see in Baeza
As we have advanced at the beginning, there is a lot to see in this jewel of the province of Jaén. We could talk long and hard about other great examples of his heritage as the Ancient Butchers, the source of Santa Maria, the Old Hospital of San Antonio Abad, the Plaza del Populo or the Arch of Vilalar.
But above all, We want you to be encouraged to undertake this trip and let yourself fall in love with the monumental city of Baeza.