The Damascus Gate is one of the eight gates that give access to the Old City of Jerusalem. One of the cities in the world with greater symbolic and religious load. And we have said that there are eight doors, although only seven can be traversed, since the one known as the Golden Gate will remain closed until the Messiah arrives.
The Damascus Gate and the rest of the doors
In addition to the Damascus Gate, we have already named another of the historical entrances to the ancient core of Jerusalem. And although we are not going to talk much about them, at least we are going to name those doors. They are Jaffa's, Lions', Zion's, Herod's, Dung's and the New.
The entrance to the Arab marketJerusalem Wall and Damascus Gate
The last one we mentioned, the New Gate is really not so much, since it opened in the 19th century. But it is logical to call it that if we compare it with the rest. For example, with our protagonist, the Damascus Gate, which opened in the 16th century on the city walls.
Specific, The Damascus Gate is a Muslim work of 1542, since it was created in the time of the Ottoman emperor Soliman the Magnificent, when he ruled the holy city. With it an access to the Arab market was opened.
Today, the monumental Damascus Gate is a gateway to the Christian and Muslim neighborhoods of the historic heart of Jerusalem.
Two gates north of Jerusalem
If you place yourself on a map of the Near East, you will discover that Syria and its capital are located in northern Israel. With that data you can already get an idea that Damascus Gate is in the northern section of the wall of Jerusalem.
As well, in this same orientation we will find Herod's Gate relatively close. This, in Hebrew and also in Arabic is better known as Puerta de las Flores, for the rosettes that adorn it.
The Damascus Gate, the most monumentalDamascus Gate
Each of the gates of the Old City of Jerusalem has its charm. But anyone who visits the city concludes that the Damascus Gate is the most monumental of all. It is a large gate protected by two towers in which, as a defensive element, the matacanes are still preserved.
Y the door is at a lower level than the environment, so you have to descend a ladder to cross it. That today is nothing more than an attractive step, but at the time it was a great advantage for the defenders of the city and a weakness for the attackers.
One of the first city gates
That resounding aspect of the current Damascus Gate is what the Ottoman Empire provided. But before there was already a door here to cross the city walls. Excavations have found Roman remains that correspond to the times of Emperor Hadrian, who also ordered an entrance to be opened here in the second century.
But not only that, it is known that before, in the time of the famous King Herod, At the beginning of our Era a door had already been built in this place.
The passage to the two great historical streets
Entering through Damascus Gate is something that any visitor in Jerusalem should do. To start, for its beauty and grandeur. Something that is still more endorsed by the hustle and bustle that is never missing in the area. Partly by tourists themselves and partly by the vicinity of the Muslim souk.
And also, when crossing the Damascus Gate you reach the point where two of the most important arteries of the city converge. These are Tariq el-Wad and Suq Khan ez-Zeit streets. By the way, both coincide more or less in the layout that generated the Roman urbanization.
In short, sooner or later you have to see this great Damascus Gate. A door that also You can bring us closer to the most special places in Jerusalem. This is the case of the Esplanade of the Mosques or the overwhelming Wailing Wall.